• 1/2 Dollar 2019, United States of America (USA), 100th Anniversary of the American Legion
  • 1/2 Dollar 2019, United States of America (USA), 100th Anniversary of the American Legion
Description

The American Legion is a U.S. war veterans' organization headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. The organization was founded March 15, 1919, in Paris, France, by members of the American Expeditionary Forces, out of concern for the welfare of soldiers and the communities they returned to in the United States after World War I. The non-partisan organization is the nation’s largest veterans group, with nearly two million members in more than 12,000 posts throughout the United States.

The Legion focuses its efforts in four areas: Veterans Affairs and Rehabilitation, Children and Youth, National Security, and Americanism. These areas are known as “the Four Pillars” of American Legion service. Throughout its years of service to the nation, it has been a catalyst for social change and it has recorded myriad accomplishments. The Legion’s advocacy on behalf of veterans has been instrumental in the passage of numerous legislation including the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, better known as the GI Bill, and multiple legislation to advance government recognition and promote effective treatment of service-connected conditions.

Obverse

Depicts two children standing and reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, the little girl proudly wearing her grandfather’s old American Legion hat.

The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an expression of allegiance to the flag of the United States and the republic of the United States of America. It was originally composed by Captain George Thatcher Balch, a Union Army Officer during the Civil War and later a teacher of patriotism in New York City schools. The form of the pledge used today was largely devised by Francis Bellamy in 1892, and formally adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942. The official name of The Pledge of Allegiance was adopted in 1945. The most recent alteration of its wording came on Flag Day in 1954, when the words "under God" were added.

Engraver: Phebe Hemphill
Designer: Richard Masters

LIBERTY
2019
RaM PH
IN GOD WE TRUST
I PLEDGE ALLEGIANCE
TO THE FLAG…

Reverse

Depicts an American Flag waving atop a high flagpole as seen from the children’s point-of-view from the ground below. The American Legion’s emblem is featured just above the flag.

The reverse design completes the phrase from the obverse “I pledge allegiance to the flag… of the United States of America.”

The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States. It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton (referred to specifically as the "union") bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows, where rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternate with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America, and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain, and became the first states in the U.S. Nicknames for the flag include the Stars and Stripes, Old Glory, and the Star-Spangled Banner.

The American Legion’s emblem is a five-pointed star with the insignia "U. S." enclosed in two bronze bands in the center of the star. This design is enclosed in a wreath. Encircling the star and the wreath are the words "American Legion" set in deep blue enamel. This in turn is encircled by a narrow band suggestive of the rays of the sun.

Engraver: Joseph Menna
Designer: Richard Masters

E PLURIBUS UNUM
AMERICAN
U•S
LEGION
...OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
RaM JFM
D
HALF DOLLAR

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Copper Nickel Clad Copper
Weight 11.34 g
Diameter 30.61 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mints
Denver Mint (D)
San Francisco Mint (S)

Related coins

100th Anniversary of the American Legion

Silver, 26.73 g, ⌀ 38.1 mm

100th Anniversary of the American Legion

Gold, 8.359 g, ⌀ 21.6 mm