• 5 Fen 1932, Y# 507, China, Soviet Republic
  • 5 Fen 1932, Y# 507, China, Soviet Republic
Description

The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR) is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet). It was established in November 1931 by future Communist Party of China leader Mao Zedong, General Zhu De and others, and it lasted until 1937. Discontiguous territories included the Northeastern Jiangxi, Hunan-Jiangxi, Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi, Hunan-Western Hubei, Hunan-Hubei-Sichuan-Guizhou, Shaanxi-Gansu, Szechuan-Shensi, Hubei-Henan-Anhui, Honghu and Haifeng-Lufeng Soviets. Mao Zedong was both CSR state chairman and prime minister; he led the state and its government. Mao's tenure as head of a "small state within a state" gave him experience in mobile warfare and peasant organization; this experience helped him accomplish the Communist reunification of China during the late 1940s. The CSR was eventually destroyed by the Kuomintang (KMT)'s National Revolutionary Army in a series of 1934 encirclement campaigns. Following the Xi'an Incident of December 1936, the Communists and Kuomintang formed an uneasy "United Front" to resist Japanese pressure, which led to the Communists recognizing at least for the moment Chiang Kai-shek as China's leader and the official dissolution of the Soviet Republic on 22 September 1937.

Obverse

Hammer and sickle on a map of China proper surrounded by inscriptions "Chinese Soviet Republic" above and "One silver dollar equal twenty copper coins of 5 cents" below.

China proper, Inner China or the Eighteen Provinces was a term used by Western writers on the Manchu Qing dynasty to express a distinction between the core and frontier regions of China. There is no fixed extent for China proper, as many administrative, cultural, and linguistic shifts have occurred in Chinese history.

Farm and worker instruments and tools have long been used as symbols for proletarian struggle. The combination of hammer and sickle symbolised the combination of farmers and construction workers. One example of use prior to its political instrumentalisation by the Soviet Union is found in Chilean currency circulating since 1895.

Varieties exist based on location or absence of Hainan Island on the map.

★ 國和共埃維蘇華中 ★

圆壹幣國當枚拾弍每

Reverse

Denomination in Chinese characters surrounded by star and wheat stalks.


分五

Edge

5 Fen

Y# 507
Characteristics
Material Copper
Weight 6.63 g
Diameter 26.2 mm
Thickness 1.55 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Alt # Y# 507, Y# 507.1
Mint
Central Mint of China (CMC)

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