• 2 Złote 2010, Y# 718, Poland, History of Polish Cavalry, Chevau-légers of the Imperial Guard of Napoleon I
  • 2 Złote 2010, Y# 718, Poland, History of Polish Cavalry, Chevau-légers of the Imperial Guard of Napoleon I
Description

The Polish cavalry can trace its origins back to the days of medieval mounted knights. Poland is mostly a country of flatlands and fields and mounted forces operate well in this environment. The knights and heavy horse cavalry gradually evolved into many different types of specialised mounted military formations, some of which heavily influenced western warfare and military science. This series of coins details the evolution of Polish cavalry from the times of mounted knights and heavy winged hussars, through the times of light uhlans to mounted infantry equipped with ranged and mêlée weapons.

Obverse

An image of the eagle established as the state emblem of the Republic of Poland; on the sides of the eagle the notation of the year of issue; below the eagle an inscription ZŁ 2 ZŁ, in the rim an inscription, RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA, preceded and followed by six pearls. The mint's mark, M/W, under the eagle's left leg.

Designer: Ewa Tyc-Karpińska

RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA
20 10
MW
ZŁ 2 ZŁ

Reverse

In the centre, against a stylized fragment of an image of mounted Chevau- légers, a stylised image of a mounted Chevau-léger raising a sabre. At the top, a semicircular inscription "Chevau-Léger of the Imperial Guard". At the bottom, a semicircular inscription "of Napoleon I".

The Imperial Guard (French: Garde Impériale) was originally a small group of elite soldiers of the French Army under the direct command of Napoleon I but grew considerably over time. It acted as his bodyguard and tactical reserve, and he was careful of its use in battle. The Guard was divided into the staff, infantry, cavalry, and artillery regiments, as well as battalions of sappers and marines. The guard itself as a whole distinguished between the experienced veterans and less experienced members by being separated into three sections: the Old Guard, Middle Guard and Young Guard.

The 1st Polish Light Cavalry Regiment of the Imperial Guard (French: 1er Régiment des chevaux-légers [polonais] de la Garde Impériale) was a formation of Polish light cavalry that served Emperor Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars. The Regiment, as part of Napoleon's Imperial Guard, fought in many battles, distinguishing itself at Wagram, Beresina, Hanau and especially Somosierra. On at least three occasions, light-horsemen of the Regiment saved Napoleon's life.

Engraver: Andrzej Nowakowski

SZWOLEŻER GWARDII CESARZA
NAPOLEONA I

Edge

Eight times repeated inscription: NBP, every second one inverted by 180 degrees, separated by stars.

NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★

2 Złote

History of Polish Cavalry
Chevau-légers of the Imperial Guard of Napoleon I

Subscribe series
Y# 718
Swap now (1 offer)
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nordic Gold
Weight 8.15 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Warsaw Mint (M/W)

Related coins

Hussar

History of Polish Cavalry

Nordic Gold, 8.15 g, ⌀ 27 mm
Horseman

History of Polish Cavalry

Silver, 14.14 g
Heavy Cavalry

History of Polish Cavalry

Silver, 14.14 g