• 1 Dollar 2019, United States of America (USA), American Innovation $1 Coin Program, Pennsylvania
  • 1 Dollar 2019, United States of America (USA), American Innovation $1 Coin Program, Pennsylvania
Description

The 56-coin American Innovation $1 Coin Program started in 2018. The program mandates that the Mint will issue four noncirculating dollar coins annually for 14 years.

One coin will be issued for each of the 50 states in the order in which each state ratified the U.S. Constitution or entered the Union. Following the states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories in order, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands all would also present an innovator from their area.

This coin representing Pennsylvania honors the discovery of the polio vaccine in 1953 by Dr. Jonas Salk and his team.

Obverse

Depicts the Statue of Liberty in profile with the inscriptions “IN GOD WE TRUST” and “$1.”

The Statue of Liberty, a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York City, in the United States. The Statue is the work of sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, who enlisted the assistance of engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, designer of the Eiffel Tower.

The Statue of Liberty was completed in 1884 in France and shipped to the United States in June 1885, having been disassembled into 350 individual pieces that were packed in over 200 crates for the transatlantic voyage. In four months’ time, it was re-assembled in New York Harbor, standing just over 151 feet from the top of the statue’s base to the tip of the torch her right hand holds high above the waters of New York Harbor.

Originally intended as a gift to celebrate the American Centennial in 1876, the Statue of Liberty was given to the United States as a symbol of the friendship forged between the new American government and the government of France during the American Revolutionary War.

Artist: Justin Kunz
Engraver: Phebe Hemphill

$1
IN GOD
WE TRUST
PH
JK

Reverse

Depicts an artist’s conception of the polio virus at three different levels of magnification along with the silhouette of a period microscope, representing the extensive research that was conducted to develop a cure for polio.

In 1947, the University of Pittsburgh hired Dr. Jonas Salk to develop a polio vaccine. At the time, polio was a devastating disease disproportionately affecting children and young adults, leaving many of them paralyzed. In 1953, the university announced that Salk’s team had discovered a vaccine they believed could prevent the disease. After two years of clinical trials, the first of which were conducted in southwestern Pennsylvania, the vaccine was determined to be safe and effective. Its subsequent, widespread administration to millions of Americans effectively eliminated polio and helped usher in a new era of virology.

Artist: Richard Masters
Engraver: Joseph Menna

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
POLIO VACCINE
1953
RaM PENNSYLVANIA JFM

Edge

Inscribed along the edge of the coin is the year of minting, the mint mark, and also the legend "E Pluribus Unum" (Latin for "Out of many, one").

2019 P ★★★ E PLURIBUS UNUM ★★★★★★★★★★

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Manganese Brass
Weight 8.1 g
Diameter 26.5 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mints
Denver Mint (D)
Philadelphia Mint (P)
San Francisco Mint (S)

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