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The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization. The UN Charter articulated a commitment to uphold human rights of citizens and outlined a broad set of principles relating to achieving ‘higher standards of living’, addressing ‘economic, social, health, and related problems,’ and ‘universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.’ As a charter, it is a constituent treaty, and all members are bound by its articles. Furthermore, Article 103 of the Charter states that obligations to the United Nations prevail over all other treaty obligations.
The Charter was opened for signature on 26 June 1945 and was signed at the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center in San Francisco, United States, on 26 June 1945, by 50 of the 51 original member countries (including Luxembourg). It entered into force on 24 October 1945, after being ratified by the original five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. 24 October was later declared as United Nations Day by the United Nations General Assembly.
Depicts on the right the effigy of Grand Duke Henri and on the left a scroll with the text Charter of the United Nations 1945, the symbolic representation of the UN Charter, as well as a laurel branch and the peace dove with an olive branch in its beak. The date above the effigy. At the bottom is the name of the issuing country. The twelve stars of the European Union surround the design on the outer ring of the coin.
A geographical map of Western Europe spans the outer ring and inner core on the right side of the coin. The inscription 2 EURO is superimposed over the map of Europe, with the numeral “2” located in an open field representing the eastern Atlantic Ocean.
The sequence "2 ★ ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted.
2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★