East Germany, formally the German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), was an Eastern Bloc state during the Cold War period. From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany that was occupied by Soviet forces at the end of World War II. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin, but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR. The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet Zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones. East Germany, which lies culturally in Central Germany, was a satellite state of the Soviet Union. The GDR was dissolved and Germany was unified on 3 October 1990, becoming a fully sovereign state again.

Engraver: Franz Paul Krischker


Grain sprigs flank hammer and compass, date below

The national emblem of the German Democratic Republic featured a hammer and a compass (drawing tool), surrounded by a ring of rye. The hammer represented the workers in the factories. The compass represented the intelligentsia, and the ring of rye the farmers.



Value, country name above, mint mark below.


Material Aluminium
Weight 1.1 g
Diameter 19 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Berlin State Mint (A)
Muldenhütten Mint (E)

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Aluminium, 1.1 g, ⌀ 19 mm

Aluminium, 1.1 g, ⌀ 19 mm