• 2 Francs 1995, KM# 1119, France, 100th Anniversary of Death of Louis Pasteur
  • 2 Francs 1995, KM# 1119, France, 100th Anniversary of Death of Louis Pasteur
Description

Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases, and his discoveries have saved countless lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His medical discoveries provided direct support for the germ theory of disease and its application in clinical medicine. He is best known to the general public for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination, a process now called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of bacteriology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, and is popularly known as the "father of microbiology".

Engraver: Pierre Rodier

Obverse

Depicts a bust of Louis Pasteur, in the background facade of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, the country name above, the scientist name with dates below. An octagon encircling the texts and designs.

The Pasteur Institute is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines. It is named after Louis Pasteur, who made some of the greatest breakthroughs in modern medicine at the time, including pasteurization and vaccines for anthrax and rabies. The institute was founded on June 4, 1887, and inaugurated on November 14, 1888.

RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE
P. RODIER
1822 Louis PASTEUR 1895

Reverse

Face value composed into laboratory equipment, surrounded by the national motto of France (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity). The mintmark of the Paris Mint on the right and a privy mark of Chief Engraver on the left from the date.

Mintmark of the Paris Mint: Cornucopia, horn of plenty

Privy mark of the Mint's Chief Engraver: Bee - Pierre Rodier (1994-2000)

LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ
2
FRANCS
1995

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel
Weight 7.5 g
Diameter 26.5 mm
Thickness 1.8 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Paris Mint (A)

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