• 200 Rupiah 2016, KM# 72, Indonesia, National Hero, Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo
  • 200 Rupiah 2016, KM# 72, Indonesia, National Hero, Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo
Description

The coin revisions in Indonesia occurred in December 2016. The new coins were released along with the new banknotes. For the first time, there are actual people depicted.

National Hero of Indonesia is the highest-level title awarded in Indonesia. It is posthumously given by the Government of Indonesia for actions which are deemed to be heroic, defined as "actual deeds which can be remembered and exemplified for all time by other citizens" or "extraordinary service furthering the interests of the state and people".

Obverse

Depicts the national emblem of Indonesia (Garuda Pancasila) and the portrait of Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo, country name above, hero's name below.

Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo or Cipto Mangunkusumo (1886–1943) was a prominent Indonesian independence leader and Sukarno's political mentor. Together with Ernest Douwes Dekker and Soewardi Soerjaningrat he was one of the three founders of the influential Indische Party, a political party disseminating the idea of self-government of the Dutch East Indies. After the party was labelled subversive by a colonial court of law in 1913, he and his fellow IP leaders were exiled to the Netherlands.

The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

REPUBLIK INDONESIA
Dr. TJIPTOMANGUNKUSUMO

Reverse

Value and date.

BANK INDONESIA
200
RUPIAH
2016

Edge

200 Rupiah

National Hero
Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo

Subscribe series
KM# 72
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Aluminium
Weight 2.38 g
Diameter 25 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP)

Related coins

Herman Johannes

National Hero

Aluminium, 1.79 g, ⌀ 23 mm
Tahi Bonar Simatupang

National Hero

Aluminium, 3.1 g, ⌀ 27 mm
I Gusti Ketut Pudja

National Hero

Nickel Plated Steel, 4.5 g, ⌀ 24.1 mm