• 5 Euro Cent 2005, KM# 367, Vatican City
  • 5 Euro Cent 2005, KM# 367, Vatican City
Description

Sede vacante in the canon law of the Catholic Church is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church and especially that of the papacy. It is Latin for "[with] the seat being vacant", the seat in question being the bishop's throne of the particular church.

After the death or resignation of a pope, the Holy See enters a period of sede vacante. In this case the particular church is the Diocese of Rome and the "vacant seat" is the cathedra of Saint John Lateran, the cathedral church of the Bishop of Rome. During this period, the Holy See is administered by a regency of the College of Cardinals.

Obverse

Depicts the coat of arms of the Cardinal Chamberlain Eduardo Martinez Somalo (surmounted by the crossed keys, and the galero with fifteen tassels on each side), the interim Head of the State of Vatican City, superimposed on the emblem of the Apostolic Chamber, is surrounded with the inscription "SEDE VACANTE" (the seat being vacant), the date in Roman numerals "MMV" (2005), the inscription "CITTA' DEL VATICANO" (Vatican City) and the twelve stars of Europe.

In ecclesiastical heraldry, papal coats of arms (those of individual popes) and those of the Holy See and Vatican City State include an image of crossed keys to represent the metaphorical keys of the office of Saint Peter, the keys of heaven, or the keys of the kingdom of Heaven, that, according to Roman Catholic teaching, Jesus promised to Saint Peter, empowering him to take binding actions. The keys of heaven or keys of Saint Peter are seen as a symbol of papal authority.

A galero is a broad-brimmed hat with tasselated strings worn by clergy in the Catholic Church. Over the centuries, the red galero was restricted to use by individual cardinals while such other colors as green and violet were reserved to clergy of other ranks and styles.

Artist: Daniela Longo
Engraver: Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini (ELF INC.)

•SEDE•VAC ANTE•MMV•
R
CARITAS ET VERITAS
D. LONGO ELF INC.
CITTA' DEL VATICANO

Reverse

A globe, next to the facial value, shows Europe in relation to Africa and Asia.

Engraver: Luc Luycx

5 EURO
CENT
LL

Edge

5 Euro Cent

Sede Vacante
KM# 367
Characteristics
Material Copper Plated Steel
Weight 3.92 g
Diameter 21.25 mm
Thickness 1.67 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (R)

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Copper Plated Steel, 3.92 g, ⌀ 21.25 mm

Copper Plated Steel, 3.92 g, ⌀ 21.25 mm

Copper Plated Steel, 3.92 g, ⌀ 21.25 mm