Obverse. Photo © Government of Andorra
  • 2 Euro 2022, Andorra, Legend of Charlemagne
  • 2 Euro 2022, Andorra, Legend of Charlemagne
Description

Charlemagne or Charles the Great (742/747/748 – 814), numbered Charles I, was the King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774 and Emperor of the Romans from 800. He united much of Europe during the early Middle Ages. He was the first recognised emperor in western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state which Charlemagne founded was called the Carolingian Empire.

Charlemagne has been called the "Father of Europe" (Pater Europae), as he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the Western Church. All Holy Roman Emperors considered their kingdoms to be descendants of Charlemagne's empire, up to the last Emperor Francis II and the French and German monarchies.

Obverse

Depicts the monumental portrait "The Emperor Charlemagne" by Albrecht Duerer (1511/13, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg). Country name above. Date on the right.

As the inscription above the painting indicates, the image of the emperor created by the Nuremberg master was not copied but sprang entirely from his imagination. The panel, together with a portrait of Emperor Sigismund of the same size, served as doors to a cabinet that held the coronation vestments and imperial insignia in the night before the annual public ceremony on Nuremburg’s main market square.

Charlemagne holds the sward and wearing the Imperial Regalia. The Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire (German: Reichskrone), a hoop crown (German: Bügelkrone) with a characteristic octagonal shape, was the coronation crown of the Holy Roman Emperor, probably from the late 10th century until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. The crown was used in the coronation of the King of the Romans, the title assumed by the Emperor-elect immediately after his election. It is now kept in the Imperial Treasury (Kaiserliche Schatzkammer) at the Hofburg in Vienna, Austria.

The twelve stars of the European flag are shown on the outer coin ring.

ANDORRA
2022

Reverse

A geographical map of Western Europe spans the outer ring and inner core on the right side of the coin. The inscription 2 EURO is superimposed over the map of Europe, with the numeral “2” located in an open field representing the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

12 stars are located on the right side of the outer ring, with six stars atop the map of Europe and six stars below it; six vertical stripes cut across the inner core of the coin, visually connecting the upper and lower star segments.

Luc Luycx, a designer at the Royal Belgian Mint, designed the Euro’s common reverse; his initials, LL, are seen on the right side of the design, just under the “O” in “EURO.”

2 EURO
LL

Edge

The sequence "2 ★ ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted

2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★ 2 ★ ★

2 Euro

Legend of Charlemagne

KM#
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Cupronickel
Center Nickel Brass
Weight 8.5 g
Diameter 25.75 mm
Thickness 2.2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Royal Spanish Mint (FNMT-RCM)

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