Obverse. Photo © CoinArchives
  • 1 Dinar 839 AD, Album# A241, Egypt, Al-Mu'tamid
  • 1 Dinar 839 AD, Album# A241, Egypt, Al-Mu'tamid

The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الْخِلَافَةُ الْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third caliphate to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It was founded by a dynasty descended from the prophet's uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib (566–653 CE), from whom the dynasty takes its name. They ruled as caliphs for most of the caliphate from their capital in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, after having overthrown the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid Revolution of 750 CE (132 AH). The Abbasid Caliphate first centered its government in Kufa, modern-day Iraq, but in 762 the caliph Al-Mansur founded the city of Baghdad, near the ancient Babylonian capital city of Babylon. Baghdad became the center of science, culture and invention in what became known as the Golden Age of Islam. This, in addition to housing several key academic institutions, including the House of Wisdom, as well as a multiethnic and multi-religious environment, garnered it a worldwide reputation as the "Center of Learning".

Abu’l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Jaʿfar (c. 842–892), better known by his regnal name Al-Muʿtamid ʿalā ’llāh ("Dependent on God"), was the Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate from 870 to 892. His reign marks the end of the "Anarchy at Samarra" and the start of the Abbasid restoration, but he was largely a ruler in name only. Power was held by his brother al-Muwaffaq, who held the loyalty of the military. Al-Mu'tamid's authority was circumscribed further after a failed attempt to flee to the domains controlled by Ahmad ibn Tulun in late 882, and he was placed under house arrest by his brother. In 891, when al-Muwaffaq died, loyalists attempted to restore power to the Caliph but were quickly overcome by al-Muwaffaq's son al-Mu'tadid, who assumed his father's powers. When al-Mu'tamid died in 892, al-Mu'tadid succeeded him as caliph.


Depicts the inscriptions in Arabic "For God", "Muhammad is the Messenger of God”, " al-Muʿtamid ʿala ’llah", "Nahrir" (the financial supervisor) and “He sent him with guidance and the true religion to make it victorious over every religion although those who associate others with God dislike it.”

المعتمد على الله
محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى ودين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون


Depicts the inscriptions in Arabic “There is no god but God alone / He has no associate", "Ja'far" (Future Caliph), "To God belongs the command before and after, and at that time the believers will rejoice in the victory of God" and "In the name of God. This dinar was struck in Misr (Egypt) in the year 258."

Ja'far ibn Ahmad al-Mu'tamid, better known by his laqab al-Mufawwid ila-llah (lit. 'The One Deferring to God'), was a son of the Abbasid caliph al-Mu'tamid and heir-apparent of the Caliphate from 875 until his sidelining by his cousin al-Mu'tadid in 891.

لا اله الا
الله وحده
لا شريك له
لله الأمر من قبل و من بعد و يومئذ يفرح المؤمنون بنصر الله
بسم الله ضرب هذا الدينار بمصر سنة ثمان وخمسين و مئتين

Material Gold
Fineness 0.833
Weight 3.96 g
Diameter -
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Misr Mint

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