Obverse. Photo © acsaerch.info
  • 1 Dinar 793 AD, Album# 218.10, Egypt, Harun al-Rashid
  • 1 Dinar 793 AD, Album# 218.10, Egypt, Harun al-Rashid

The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الْخِلَافَةُ الْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third caliphate to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It was founded by a dynasty descended from the prophet's uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib (566–653 CE), from whom the dynasty takes its name. They ruled as caliphs for most of the caliphate from their capital in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, after having overthrown the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid Revolution of 750 CE (132 AH). The Abbasid Caliphate first centered its government in Kufa, modern-day Iraq, but in 762 the caliph Al-Mansur founded the city of Baghdad, near the ancient Babylonian capital city of Babylon. Baghdad became the center of science, culture and invention in what became known as the Golden Age of Islam. This, in addition to housing several key academic institutions, including the House of Wisdom, as well as a multiethnic and multi-religious environment, garnered it a worldwide reputation as the "Center of Learning".

Abu Ja'far Harun ibn Muhammad al-Mahdi or Harun ibn al-Mahdi (c. 763 or 766 – 809), famously known as Harun al-Rashid was the fifth Abbasid caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate, reigning from September 786 until his death. His reign is traditionally regarded to be the beginning of the Islamic Golden Age. His epithet "al-Rashid" translates to "the Orthodox", "the Just", "the Upright", or "the Rightly-Guided".

Portions of the fictional One Thousand and One Nights are set in Harun's court and some of its stories involve Harun himself. Harun's life and court have been the subject of many other tales, both factual and fictitious.


Depicts the inscriptions in Arabic “There is no god but God alone / He has no associate / Muhammad is the Messenger of God” and “He sent him with guidance and the true religion to make it victorious over every religion”.

لا اله الا
الله وحده
لا شريك له
محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى ودين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله


Depicts the inscriptions in Arabic "Muhammad is the Messenger of God”, "Ibrahim" (Ibrahim ibn Salih), and "In the name of God. This dinar was struck in the year 183."

Ibrāhīm ibn Ṣāliḥ ibn ʿAlī al-Hāshimī (died 792) was a member of the Banu al-Abbas who served as a governor of various provinces in Syria and Egypt in the late eighth century.

In 781 Ibrahim was appointed by al-Mahdi as governor of Egypt, with jurisdiction over both military and financial affairs within the province. During his administration one Dihyah ibn Mus'ab, a descendant of the Umayyad Abd al-Aziz ibn Marwan, launched an anti-tax revolt in Upper Egypt and proclaimed himself as caliph. Ibrahim apparently had a lackadaisical response to the affair, and within a short time much of Upper Egypt had fallen under Dihyah's control. As a result of his failure to stamp out the rebel, an angered al-Mahdi removed him from office in 784, and his assistants were forced to hand over a fine of 300,000 dinars to his successor Musa ibn Mus'ab al-Khath'ami before he was able to return to Baghdad. Ibrahim died in 792, shortly after having been appointed governor of Egypt a second time.

بسم الله ضرب هذا الدينار سنة ثلث و ثمنون و مئة

Material Gold
Fineness 0.833
Weight 4.13 g
Diameter -
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Misr Mint

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