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  • 250 Fils 1982, KM# 163, Iraq, Restoration of Babel, Code of Hammurabi
  • 250 Fils 1982, KM# 163, Iraq, Restoration of Babel, Code of Hammurabi

On 14 February 1978, the Ba'athist government of Iraq under Saddam Hussein began the "Archaeological Restoration of Babylon Project": reconstructing features of the ancient city atop its ruins. These features included the Southern Palace of Nebuchadnezzar, with 250 rooms, five courtyards, and a 30-meter entrance arch. The project also reinforced the Processional Way, the Lion of Babylon, and an amphitheatre constructed in the city's Hellenistic era. In 1982, the government minted a set of seven coins displaying iconic features of Babylon.


Depicted the upper part of the stele of the Code of Hammurabi dividing dates in Western and in Arabic years both in Arabic numerals.

The Code of Hammurabi is a Babylonian legal text composed c. 1755–1750 BC. It is the longest, best-organised, and best-preserved legal text from the ancient Near East. It is written in the Old Babylonian dialect of Akkadian, purportedly by Hammurabi, sixth king of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The primary copy of the text is inscribed on a basalt stele 2.25 m (7 ft 4+1⁄2 in) tall.

The stele was rediscovered in 1901 at the site of Susa in present-day Iran, where it had been taken as plunder six hundred years after its creation. The text itself was copied and studied by Mesopotamian scribes for over a millennium. The stele now resides in the Louvre Museum.

The top of the stele features an image in relief of Hammurabi with Shamash, the Babylonian sun god and god of justice. Below the relief are about 4,130 lines of cuneiform text: one-fifth contains a prologue and epilogue in poetic style, while the remaining four fifths contain what are generally called the laws. In the prologue, Hammurabi claims to have been granted his rule by the gods "to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak". The laws are casuistic, expressed as "if ... then" conditional sentences. Their scope is broad, including, for example, criminal law, family law, property law, and commercial law.

Modern scholars responded to the Code with admiration at its perceived fairness and respect for the rule of law, and at the complexity of Old Babylonian society. There was also much discussion of its influence on the Mosaic Law. Scholars quickly identified lex talionis—the "eye for an eye" principle—underlying the two collections. Debate among Assyriologists has since centred around several aspects of the Code: its purpose, its underlying principles, its language, and its relation to earlier and later law collections.

١٤٠٢هـ ١٩٨٢م


Value in Arabic in a central circle with lettering, the country name above. The inscription "The restoration of Babel, a public and national responsibility" below.

الجمهورية العراقية
ً فلسا
أحياء بابل أثريا واجب وطني و قومي و انساني


250 Fils

KM# 163 Schön# 70
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Cupronickel
Weight 10 g
Diameter 30 mm
Thickness -
Shape polygon
Sides 8
Alignment Medal
Alt # KM# PS6
Royal Mint

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