• 10 Yen 1959-1989, Y# 73a, Japan, Hirohito
  • 10 Yen 1959-1989, Y# 73a, Japan, Hirohito
Description

Hirohito (1901–1989) was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989. In Japan, reigning emperors are known simply as "the Emperor" and he is now referred to primarily by his posthumous name, Shōwa (昭和), which is the name of the era coinciding with his reign; for this reason, he is also known as the "Shōwa Emperor" or "Emperor Shōwa."

At the start of his reign, Japan was already one of the great powers—the ninth-largest economy in the world, the third-largest naval power, and one of the four permanent members of the council of the League of Nations. He was the head of state under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan during Japan's imperial expansion, militarization, and involvement in World War II. After Japan's surrender, he was not prosecuted for war crimes as many other leading government figures were, and his degree of involvement in wartime decisions remains controversial. During the post-war period, he became the symbol of the new state under the post-war constitution and Japan's recovery, and by the end of his reign, Japan had emerged as the world's second largest economy.

Obverse

Depicts the Phoenix Hall of Byōdō-in with the kanji for "Japan" and "Ten Yen".

Byōdō-in is a Buddhist temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. It is jointly a temple of the Jōdo-shū (Pure Land) and Tendai-shū sects. This temple was originally built in 998 in the Heian period as a rural villa of high ranking courtier Minamoto no Shigenobu, Minister of the Left. The main building in Byōdō-in, the Phoenix Hall consists of a central hall, flanked by twin wing corridors on both sides of the central hall, and a tail corridor. The central hall houses an image of Amida Buddha. The roof of the hall displays statues of the Chinese phoenix, called hōō in Japanese. The Phoenix Hall, completed in 1053, is the exemplar of Fujiwara Amida halls.

Kanji are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese writing system along with hiragana and katakana.

In Shōwa 61 (1986) a new die design was introduced with various changes to the details of the Phoenix Hall.

日 本 国
十 円

Reverse

Depicts value and date within wreath.

The date begins with the symbols for the era name Shōwa (昭和), followed by the era year, and ends with the symbol for year (年).

10
昭和五十一年

Edge

10 Yen

Shōwa, Smooth edge
Y# 73a Schön# A53 JNDA# 02-9
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Characteristics
Material Bronze
Weight 4.5 g
Diameter 23.5 mm
Thickness 1.5 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Japan Mint

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