Obverse. Photo © MA-SHOPS
  • 25 Qirsh 1976, KM# 112, Syria, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • 25 Qirsh 1976, KM# 112, Syria, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

The Federation of Arab Republics (Arabic: اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية‎ Ittiḥād al-Jumhūrīyāt al-‘Arabīyah) was an attempt by Muammar Gaddafi to merge Libya, Egypt and Syria in order to create a United Arab state. Although approved by a referendum in each country on 1 September 1971, the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger. The federation lasted from 1 January 1972 to 19 November 1977.


Coat of arms of Syria within the Federation of Arab Republics, date (AD left and AH right) in Arabic digits below.

The coat of arms of the Federation of Arab Republics consist of the Hawk of Quraish supporting a shield bearing a scroll of the words "Federation of Arab Republics" in Arabic. The Hawk of Quraish is a symbol which is found on a number of emblems, coat of arms and flags of several states of the Arab world. The Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula, today especially those from the Persian Gulf coast, are traditionally falconry experts; falcons (and hawks) are seen as status symbols and one of the Arabs' favourite animals. Also the traditions and recorded history about the Quraysh and Muhammad claim a falcon had been used as clan symbol. Therefore, several variants of the Quraishi hawk were and are seen in the flags, coat of arms, seals and emblems of several Arab states until today. In that meaning, the Hawk of Quraish is a rival to the so-called Eagle of Saladin.

اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية
١٣٩٦ - ١٩٧٦


Depicts the Tabqa Dam within a circle made of 1/2 gear and an oat sprig. Name of the country "Arab Republic of Syria" above, denomination and inscriptions "Tabqa Dam" and "Increase food production in the world" below.

The Tabqa Dam or al-Thawra Dam, most commonly known as Euphrates Dam, is an earthen dam on the Euphrates, located 40 kilometres (25 mi) upstream from the city of Raqqa in Raqqa Governorate, Syria. The city of Al-Thawrah is located immediately south of the dam. The dam is 60 metres (200 ft) high and 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) long and is the largest dam in Syria. Its construction led to the creation of Lake Assad, Syria's largest water reservoir. The dam was constructed between 1968 and 1973 with help from the Soviet Union. At the same time, an international effort was made to excavate and document as many archaeological remains as possible in the area of the future lake before they would be flooded by the rising water. When the flow of the Euphrates was reduced in 1974 to fill the lake behind the dam, a dispute broke out between Syria and Iraq that was settled by intervention from Saudi Arabia and the Soviet Union. The dam was originally built to generate hydroelectric power, as well as irrigate lands on both sides of the Euphrates. The dam has not reached its full potential in either of these objectives.

الجمهورية العربية السورية
سد الفرات
زيادة انتاج الغذاء في العالم


25 Qirsh (Piastres)

Federation of Arab Republics
KM# 112 Schön# 45
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel
Weight 3 g
Diameter 20.2 mm
Thickness 1.4 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
State Mints of Baden-Wuerttemberg / Karlsruhe (SMBW/G)

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