Depicts a vessel sailing floating under the twelve stars of the European Union, representing Europe. The issue year on the left, the monogram of the Italian Republic (RI) on the right, and the engraver's name below.

Engraver: Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini

2004 RI


Depicts, inside a circle, a marble relief roundel "Night" (1815) by Bertel Thorvaldsen. Outside the circle the mintmark (R), the value and the name of the engraver. Inside the circle, the name of the Danish sculptor. Above the arch-shaped inscription "Europe of Arts".

Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770–1844) was a Danish sculptor. He is considered the most important representative of Danish classicism. He lived for 40 years in Italy and was greatly influenced by the ancient classical sculptures that he saw in Rome. Many of his sculptures are classical in style, like the original pair of roundels of 'Night' and 'Day' which he produced in 1815 and 1816.

Thorvaldsen's "Night" and "Day" are two of the defining icons of Neoclassical art. The sculptor conceived the personification of Night in the form of a winged woman in drowsy flight, her head tipped forwards in sleep and garlanded with poppies symbolising opium-induced torpor. Night gently cradles two putti in her arms, who each fall lazily against her breast. Thorvaldsen is thought to have taken his model directly from Pausanias' Periegesis Hellados (Description of Greece) in which the ancient geographer describes the cedarwood Chest of Kypselos, which he says was adorned with a scene Night personified as a young woman, nursing a black child, Sleep (Hypnos), in one arm, and a white infant, Death (Thanatos), in the other. Thorvaldsen places his figure into flight and, into the recess between her legs and wings, adds another symbol of the night, the owl, which flies out of the plane of relief towards the viewer.

Engraver: Claudia Momoni



50 Euro

Europe of Arts
Denmark - Bertel Thorvaldsen

Subscribe series
KM# 244 Fr# 1544
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Gold
Fineness 0.900
Weight 16.129 g
Diameter 28 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (IPZS)

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