Obverse. Photo © Numismatica Ranieri
  • 20 Euro 2004, KM# 243, Italy, 2006 Football (Soccer) World Cup in Germany, Calcio Fiorentino - Pallaio
  • 20 Euro 2004, KM# 243, Italy, 2006 Football (Soccer) World Cup in Germany, Calcio Fiorentino - Pallaio

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process along with hosts Germany for the finals tournament. It was the second time that Germany staged the competition and the first as a unified country along with the former East Germany with Leipzig as a host city (the other was in 1974 in West Germany), and the 10th time that the tournament was held in Europe.

Italy won the tournament, claiming their fourth World Cup title, defeating France 5–3 in a penalty shoot-out in the final after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish in third place. Angola, Ghana, the Ivory Coast, Trinidad and Tobago and Togo made their first appearances in the finals.

Artist: Roberto Mauri


Depicts an ellipsoidal world globe with a soccer ball on the far east. Legend around the globe. Name of the engraver below.



Depicts the Calcio Fiorentino's Pallaio (referee, image from an intaglio print of the 17th century) in his original costume in front of the fleur-de-lys (symbol of the City). The player divides the value at sides together with the date and mint mark (R).

Calcio Fiorentino (also known as calcio storico "historic football") is an early form of football (soccer and rugby) that originated during the Middle Ages in Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have started in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. There it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino ("Florentine kick game") or simply calcio, which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language.

The game starts when the Pallaio (referee) throws the ball in the air towards the centre line, then at the first whistle, fifteen forwards or Corridori begin fighting in a wild and aggressive display designed to tire their opponents’ defences, but which often descends into an all-out brawl, as they try to pin down as many of the best players as possible. Once there are enough incapacitated players, the other teammates come in to grab the ball and head to the goal. This is followed by a small cannon firing which announces the beginning of the contest.

20 euro
R 2004


20 Euro

KM# 243 Fr# 1546
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Gold
Fineness 0.900
Weight 6.451 g
Diameter 21 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (IPZS)

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