Obverse. Photo © NumisCorner.com
  • 1/2 Dinar 1980, KM# 42, Jordan, Hussein, 1400th Anniversary of the Islamic Calendar (Hijra)
  • 1/2 Dinar 1980, KM# 42, Jordan, Hussein, 1400th Anniversary of the Islamic Calendar (Hijra)

The Hijri calendar also known as the Lunar Hijri calendar and (in English) as the Islamic, Muslim or Arabic calendar, is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to determine the proper days of Islamic holidays and rituals, such as the annual period of fasting and the proper time for the Hajj. In almost all countries where the predominant religion is Islam, the civil calendar is the Gregorian calendar, with Syriac month-names used in the Levant and Mesopotamia (Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine) but the religious calendar is the Hijri one.

This calendar enumerates the Hijri era, whose epoch was established as the Islamic New Year in 622 CE. During that year, Muhammad and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina and established the first Muslim community (ummah), an event commemorated as the Hijrah. In the West, dates in this era are usually denoted AH (Latin: Anno Hegirae, "in the year of the Hijrah"). In Muslim countries, it is also sometimes denoted as H from its Arabic form (سَنَة هِجْرِيَّة, abbreviated ھ). In English, years prior to the Hijra are denoted as BH ("Before the Hijra").


Bust of Hussein bin Talal three-quarter right surrounded by the texts "Hussein bin Talal" and "King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan".

Hussein bin Talal (1935–1999) was King of Jordan from the abdication of his father, King Talal, in 1952, until his death. Hussein's rule extended through the Cold War and four decades of Arab–Israeli conflict.

الحسين بن طلال
ملك المملكة الاردنية الهاشمية


Depicted the logo of the 1400th-anniversary celebration with the Prophet's Mosque (dome and minaret) in Medina in front of Dom of the Rock Mosque and radiant sun behind within a circle surrounded by half olive branch within circle with inscription "15th Century of Hijira" date AH in Arabic and western in English, denomination in Arabic and English letters.

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, known in English as The Prophet's Mosque, and also known as Al Haram Al Madani and Al Haram Al Nabawi by locals, is a mosque built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the city of Medina in the Al Madinah Province of Saudi Arabia. It was the second mosque built by Muhammad in Medina, after Masjid Quba'a, and is now one of the largest mosques in the world. It is the second holiest site in Islam, after the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca.

The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: قبة الصخرة) is an Islamic shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, a site also known to Muslims as the al-Haram al-Sharif or the Al-Aqsa Compound. Its initial construction was undertaken by the Umayyad Caliphate on the orders of Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna in 691–692 CE, and it has since been situated on top of the site of the Second Jewish Temple (built in c. 516 BCE to replace the destroyed Solomon's Temple), which was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE. The original dome collapsed in 1015 and was rebuilt in 1022–23. The Dome of the Rock is the world's oldest surviving work of Islamic architecture.

القرن الخامس عشر الهجرة النبوية
1980 ١٤٠٠
HALF DINAR نصف دينار

Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Cupronickel
Weight 17.1 g
Diameter 34 mm
Thickness 2.3 mm
Shape polygon
Sides 7
Alignment Medal
Royal Mint

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