Description

The beaver has a long history in Canada as both commodity and cultural icon. The Hurons honoured the beaver hundreds of years ago as the totem of their tribe. Native peoples used the beaver emblem to sign treaties with the first colonists. Since then the beaver has appeared in the heraldic bearings of Québec City and Montreal and even marked Canada's first postage stamp. The beaver coin design was created by Canadian artist G.E. Kruger Gray and was first used in 1937.

Obverse

Third portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II, when she was 64 years old, facing right, wearing the George IV State Diadem and surrounded by the inscription. This was the first to be designed by a Canadian, Dora de Pédery-Hunt. The mint mark of the Royal Canadian Mint (Maple Leaf) above.

The George IV State Diadem, officially the Diamond Diadem, is a type of crown that was made in 1820 for King George IV. The diadem is worn by queens and queens consort in procession to coronations and State Openings of Parliament. The piece of jewellery has been featured in paintings and on stamps and currency. It can be seen in the Queen's Gallery at Buckingham Palace.

Dei Gratia Regina (often abbreviated to D. G. Regina and seen as D·G·REGINA) is a Latin title meaning By the Grace of God, Queen.

Engraver: Dora de Pédery-Hunt

ELIZABETH II D·G·REGINA
DH

Reverse

Depicts a beaver (left) on a rock in a river, over the country name and date, facial value above, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf.

The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent. Beavers are known for building dams, canals, and lodges (homes). Their colonies create one or more dams to provide still, deep water to protect against predators, and to float food and building material.

In 1993 the rim denticles were removed and replaced with beads.

In 1996 after die polishing most of the fur was removed from the underbelly of the beaver on the reverse side, resulting in the "Bare Belly" variety. This die was polished several times, so differing degrees of apparent baldness exist.

Engraver: George Edward Kruger Gray

5 CENTS
K·G
CANADA
1990

Edge

5 Cents

3rd portrait, Non-magnetic
KM# 182 Schön# 164
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Characteristics
Material Cupronickel
Weight 4.6 g
Diameter 21.2 mm
Thickness 1.76 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mints
Royal Canadian Mint (RCM)
Royal Canadian Mint (W)

Related coins

Silver, 1.167 g, ⌀ 15.494 mm

Silver, 1.167 g, ⌀ 15.494 mm

Silver, 1.167 g, ⌀ 15.494 mm