• 1 Cent 1953-1964, KM# 49, Canada, Elizabeth II
  • 1 Cent 1953-1964, KM# 49, Canada, Elizabeth II
Description

This coin has some varieties known as 'Shoulder fold' (SF) and 'No shoulder fold' (NSF). This was due to weak relief on dies, and accidental reuse of the old dies. These varieties can be found in the years 1953, 1954 and 1955, with the 1955 NSF being the rarity. Since it is difficult to differentiate SF from NSF, it is helpful to look at the "I" in "DEI". If it points directly to a denticle, it is the SF obverse. If pointing in between two denticles, it is the NSF obverse.

Obverse

First portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II (laureate bust) facing right, wearing a wreath. It was introduced in 1953, one year after the Queen acceded to the throne. It captures the grace and youth of the 26-year-old new Queen. Her hair is restrained by a laureate crown which is tied with ribbons at the back of her head. The Queen's shoulders are bare and the truncation follows the curve of the coin.

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA means Elizabeth II, by the grace of God, Queen

Engraver: Mary Gillick

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA

Reverse

A maple leaf twig is surrounded by the facial value, date and the inscription CANADA.

In 1834 the St. Jean-Baptiste Society, a French-Canadian patriotic group, adopted the maple leaf as their group symbol. In 1836 the newspaper "Le Canadien" named the maple leaf the official symbol of Canada, and by 1860 members of the Regiment of Royal Canadians were sporting the leaf on their badges. The leaf was featured on both the British and French-Canadian coat of arms, and it's been used on currency since the end of the 19th century. It was also a Canadian military symbol during both World Wars. The maple was designated as Canada's national tree in 1996.

Engraver: George Edward Kruger Gray

1 CENT
1953
K·G
CANADA

Edge

1 Cent

1st portrait
KM# 49 Schön# 48
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Characteristics
Material Bronze
Weight 3.24 g
Diameter 19.05 mm
Thickness 1.65 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Royal Canadian Mint (RCM)

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