Obverse. Photo © NumisCorner.com
  • 1 Franc 1866-1870, KM# 806, France, Napoleon III
  • 1 Franc 1866-1870, KM# 806, France, Napoleon III

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte; 1808–1873) was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. He was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, so he organized a coup d'état in 1851 and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation. He remains the longest-serving French head of state since the French Revolution.

Beginning in 1866, Napoleon had to face the mounting power of Prussia, as Chancellor Otto von Bismarck sought German unification under Prussian leadership. In July 1870, Napoleon entered the Franco-Prussian War without allies and with inferior military forces. The French army was rapidly defeated and Napoleon III was captured at the Battle of Sedan. The French Third Republic was proclaimed in Paris, and Napoleon went into exile in England, where he died in 1873.

Engraver: Désiré-Albert Barre


Laureate head of Napoleon III left, surrounded by his title. Engraver's name and the mintmark under the portrait.



The arms of the Second French Empire of Napoleon III divide denomination, date below surrounded by the privy marks of the Mint Director (left) and Engraver General (Désiré-Albert Barre, anchor, right).

Coat of Arms of the Second French Empire depicts a shield with a golden eagle in front of a blue background. The shield is surrounded by Napoleon's Imperial mantle, filled with bees. The shield is topped by a golden eagle crown, surrounding the shield is the Legion d'honneur. Cross behind the shield are the Scepter of justice and mercy.

The French Imperial Eagle refers to the figure of an eagle on a staff carried into battle as a standard by the Grande Armée of Napoléon I during the Napoleonic Wars.

1 F


1 Franc

2nd Empire
KM# 806 Gadoury# 463
Material Silver
Fineness 0.835
Weight 5 g
Diameter 23 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # KM# 806.1, KM# 806.2, KM# 806.3
Bordeaux Mint (K)
Paris Mint (A)
Strasbourg Mint (BB)

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