Obverse. Photo © Monetnik.ru
  • 10 Rubles 2002, Y# 739, Russia, Federation, Ancient Towns of Russia, Derbent
  • 10 Rubles 2002, Y# 739, Russia, Federation, Ancient Towns of Russia, Derbent
Description

In 2002 the Central Bank of the Russian Federation began an annual program that each year commemorates some of their historical towns on bi-metallic 10 Rubles coins. The coins picture the city and its arms on the reverse. Unlike a lot of coin programs throughout the world, there is no set regularity to the number of coins released each year in this series, with some years seeing 4 coins issued and other years only 3.

Derbent is a city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the Caspian Sea, north of the Azerbaijani border. Derbent occupies the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south.

Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms. In the 19th century, the city passed from Iranian into Russian hands by the 1813 Treaty of Gulistan.

Date of issue: 27.06.2002

Obverse

Depicts the inscriptions along the circumference BANK OF RUSSIA at the top and date at the bottom. There are images of branches of the bay tree and oak tree on the left and on the right of the outer ring, respectively, their elements extending onto the disc. The number ‘10’ and the inscription RUBLES below denoting the face value of the coin are in the centre of the disc. The digit ‘0’ features a security element inside in the form of the figure ‘10’ and the inscription RUB visible at various viewing angles to the coin surface. The Moscow Mint trademark is at the bottom of the disc.

БАНК РОССИИ
10
РУБЛЕЙ
ММД
2002

Reverse

Depicts the Citadel of Derbend against the background of mountains, an image of the municipal arms of Derbent at the upper left, and the inscriptions on the outer ring: ANCIENT TOWNS OF RUSSIA along the upper circumference and DERBENT along the lower circumference.

Citadel of Derbend was built by the Persian Sassanian Empire as a defensive structure against hostile nomadic people in the north, and continuously repaired or improved by later Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms until the early course of the 19th century, as long as its military function lasted. The fortress was built under the direction of the Sassanid emperor Khosrow (Chosroes) I.

Artist: A. S. Kunats
Sculptor: I. I. Kopytkin

ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ
ДЕРБЕНТ

Edge

300 corrugations and the inscription TEN RUBLES recurring twice and divided by asterisks

ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆ ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Brass
Center Cupronickel
Weight 8.4 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2.1 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Moscow Mint (MMD)

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