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In 2002 the Central Bank of the Russian Federation began an annual program that each year commemorates some of their historical towns on bi-metallic 10 Ruble coins. The coins picture the city and its arms on one side and has the standard Russian 10 Ruble obverse on the other. Unlike a lot of coin programs throughout the world there is no set regularity to the number of coins released each year in this series, with some years seeing 4 coins issued and other years only 3.
Kostroma is a city in Russia, the capital of the Kostroma region, standing on both banks of the Volga River. Kostroma is one of the cities of the well-known tourist route “The Golden Ring of Russia”.
Kostroma was first mentioned in chronicles in 1213. The official foundation date is believed to be 1152, Yury Dolgoruky was the founder of the town. In 1238, it was captured and sacked by Mongol army. Later, Kostroma was bought by the Moscow State Tsar Ivan I.
Because of its location, Kostroma was the place of the Moscow State’s leaders retreat during sieges of Moscow in 1382, 1408, and 1433. The town was growing quickly in the 16th century. One of the possible reasons was the creation of the Moscow Company, that was trading with Dutch and English merchants through Archangel town port, located on the north of the Moscow State.
Kostroma was captured by Polish armies two times. Ivan Susanin became one of the most known Russian heroes of these wars with Poles. There are several monuments dedicated to him in Kostroma.
In 1612, Kostroma was the place where the Moscow delegation offered Mikhail Romanov the Russian crown. It was the end of the Russian “Time of Troubles” and the beginning of Romanov’s dynasty reigning on the throne of Russia.
In the center of the disc indication of the denomination of the coin: 10 RUBLES, inside of the figure 0 hidden pictures of the number 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision, in the lower part of the disc the mint trade mark SPMD, on the ring along the rim above the inscription: BANK OF RUSSIA, below the year of issue 2002, to the left and to the right stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.
Architectural panorama of the town, above the coat of arms of Kostroma, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: ANCIENT TOWNS OF RUSSIA, below the inscription along the rim KOSTROMA.
ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ
300 corrugations and the inscription ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ (TEN RUBLES) recurring twice and divided by asterisks.
ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆ ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆