Obverse. Plain 4. Photo © Numismatic Guaranty Company
  • 1/2 Penny 1850-1857, KM# Tn2, Upper Canada, Plain 4
  • 1/2 Penny 1850-1857, KM# Tn2, Upper Canada

In 1850, the Bank of Upper Canada received the right to issue a coinage due to a severe coin shortage. The coinage consisted of 1/2 Penny and 1 Penny Bank Tokens. The 1850 issue was struck at the Royal Mint, London, but the coins did not arrive in Canada until 1851.

In 1852, the Royal Mint started to strike the second issue, but due to a heavy schedule and time pressure, the coin dies and planchets were transferred to Heaton's Mint. There is a way that the strikings can be distinguished. The Royal Mint issue has the dies in medallic alignment, whereas, the Heaton's Mint issue has the dies in coin alignment.

In 1854, Heaton's Mint were asked to strike a new coinage. There are two types of '4's' in the date: a plain '4', and a crosslet '4'.

In 1857, Heaton's Mint were asked to strike this final coinage. The reason why this was the final coinage was, because the introduction of a decimal currency into Canada was being contemplated.

Engraver: John Pinches


A representation of Saint George slaying the dragon based on Benedetto Pistrucci's gold sovereign coinage design.

The letters "R.K. & Co." is not a mintmark. It is the mark of Rowe, Kentish and Company of London, the agents the Bank of Upper Canada used to place their coin orders.

R.K. & Co.


Part of the coat of arms of Upper Canada.



1/2 Penny

Token, Bank of Upper Canada
KM# Tn2 Breton# 720
Material Copper
Weight 8.1 g
Diameter 27.7 mm
Thickness 1.9 mm
Shape round
Alignment -
Heaton Mint, Birmingham (H)
Royal Mint

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