• 20 Senti 1966-1984, KM# 2, Tanzania
  • 20 Senti 1966-1984, KM# 2, Tanzania

Engraver: Christopher Ironside


Depiction of Julius Nyerere facing left flanked by flowers, name of country and year of issue above, title 'First President' underneath.

Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922–1999) was a Tanzanian statesman who served as the leader of Tanzania, and previously Tanganyika, from 1960 until his retirement in 1985. Nyerere was referred to as Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation). In 1967, influenced by the ideas of African socialism, Nyerere issued the Arusha Declaration, which outlined his vision of ujamaa (variously translated as "familyhood" or "socialism"). However, his policies led to economic decline, systematic corruption, and unavailability of goods. In the early 1970s, Nyerere ordered his security forces to forcibly transfer much of the population to collective farms and, because of opposition from villagers, often burned villages down. This campaign pushed the nation to the brink of starvation and made it dependent on foreign food aid. In 1985, after more than two decades in power, he relinquished power to his hand-picked successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Nyerere left Tanzania as one of the poorest and most foreign aid-dependent countries in the world, although much progress in services such as health and education had nevertheless been achieved. As such, Julius Nyerere is still a controversial figure in Tanzania.



Ostrich walking to left

The ostrich or common ostrich (Struthio camelus) is a large flightless bird native to Africa, with a long neck and legs they can run at up to about 70 km/h (19 m/s; 43 mph), the fastest land speed of any bird. The ostrich is the largest living species of bird and lays the largest eggs of any living bird. It lives in nomadic groups of 5 to 50 birds. When threatened, the ostrich will either hide itself by lying flat against the ground, or run away. If cornered, it can attack with a kick of its powerful legs. Mating patterns differ by geographical region, but territorial males fight for a harem of two to seven females.

A range of Masai ostrich, also known as the pink-necked ostrich or East African ostrich, is essentially limited to southern Kenya and eastern Tanzania and Ethiopia and parts of southern Somalia.



20 Senti

KM# 2
Material Nickel Brass
Weight 5 g
Diameter 24 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal

Related coins

Bronze, 4 g, ⌀ 22.5 mm

Nickel Brass, 5.03 g, ⌀ 25 mm

Cupronickel, 8 g, ⌀ 27.65 mm