• 5 Senti 1966-1984, KM# 1, Tanzania
  • 5 Senti 1966-1984, KM# 1, Tanzania
Description

Engraver: Christopher Ironside

Obverse

Depiction of Julius Nyerere facing left flanked by flowers, name of country and year of issue above, title 'First President' underneath.

Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922–1999) was a Tanzanian statesman who served as the leader of Tanzania, and previously Tanganyika, from 1960 until his retirement in 1985. Nyerere was referred to as Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation). In 1967, influenced by the ideas of African socialism, Nyerere issued the Arusha Declaration, which outlined his vision of ujamaa (variously translated as "familyhood" or "socialism"). However, his policies led to economic decline, systematic corruption, and unavailability of goods. In the early 1970s, Nyerere ordered his security forces to forcibly transfer much of the population to collective farms and, because of opposition from villagers, often burned villages down. This campaign pushed the nation to the brink of starvation and made it dependent on foreign food aid. In 1985, after more than two decades in power, he relinquished power to his hand-picked successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Nyerere left Tanzania as one of the poorest and most foreign aid-dependent countries in the world, although much progress in services such as health and education had nevertheless been achieved. As such, Julius Nyerere is still a controversial figure in Tanzania.

TANZANIA 1976
RAIS WA KWANZA

Reverse

Indo-Pacific sailfish jumping to the left above the denomination.

The Indo-Pacific sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) is a sailfish native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is dark blue on top, brown-blue laterally, silvery white underbelly; upper jaw elongated in the form of a spear; first dorsal fin greatly enlarged in the form of a sail, with many black cones, its front squared off, highest at its midpoint; pelvic fins very narrow, reaching almost to the anus; body covered with embedded scales, blunt at end; lateral line curved above pectoral fin, then straight to base of tail. They have a large and sharp bill, which they use for hunting. They feed on tuna and mackerel, some of the fastest fish in the Ocean.

SENTI TANO
5

Edge

5 Senti

KM# 1
Characteristics
Material Bronze
Weight 4 g
Diameter 22.5 mm
Thickness 1.33 mm
Shape polygon
Sides 12
Alignment Medal

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