Obverse. Photo © Ozon
  • 2 Rubles 2000, Y# 667, Russia, Federation, Hero Cities, Moscow
  • 2 Rubles 2000, Y# 667, Russia, Federation, Hero Cities, Moscow
Description

Hero City is a Soviet honorary title awarded for outstanding heroism during World War II (Eastern Front was known in the former Soviet Union as The Great Patriotic War). It was awarded to twelve cities of the Soviet Union. According to the statute, the hero city is issued the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.

The Battle of Moscow is the name given by Soviet historians to two periods of strategically significant fighting on a 600 km sector of the Eastern Front during World War II. It took place between October 1941 and January 1942. The Soviet defensive effort frustrated Hitler's attack on Moscow, capital of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the largest Soviet city. Moscow was awarded the title Hero City in 1965.

Date of issue: 04.05.2000

Obverse

In the centre, a little to the left denomination of the coin: the figure 2 and words under it RUBLES and BANK OF RUSSIA written horizontal, below along the rim and on the right part of the disc the stylized vegetable ornament (vine sprig) in form of a branch with two interwoven caulescents, to the right at the rim the Moscow Mint's trademark (MMD).

2
РУБЛЯ
БАНК РОССИИ
2000
ММД

Reverse

Depicts two infantrymen during an attack, to the right the Gold Star Medal. In the background outlines of the tower of the Moscow Kremlin. In the lower part of the ring the inscription along the rim: MOSCOW.

At the gates of the Soviet capital, the German invaders suffered their first defeat in 1941. The advance of the German Army Group Centre came to a halt in late November 1941, at the outskirts of Moscow itself. The Soviet Government had by then been evacuated, yet Joseph Stalin remained in the city. Struggling between determination and despair, the city's population helped build defensive positions in the streets. The underground metro stations provided shelter during German air raids. General Georgy Zhukov, who assumed command of the city's defence, largely left close combat tactics to the local commanders on the city's approaches and focused on concentrating fresh troops from Siberia for an eventual counter-attack. The Soviet counter-offensive was launched on 5 and 6 December 1941. In the freezing cold of an unusually harsh winter, Soviet forces, including well-equipped ski battalions, drove the exhausted Germans back out of reach of Moscow and consolidated their positions on 7 January 1942. The victory in the battle provided an important boost in morale for the Soviet population.

Artist: A. V. Baklanov
Sculptor: I. S. Komshilov

МОСКВА

Edge

2 Rubles

Y# 667 CBR# 5010-0003
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel Brass
Weight 5 g
Diameter 23 mm
Thickness 1.8 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Moscow Mint (MMD)

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