Obverse. Dotted border (KM# 1.1). Photo © Numismatic Guaranty Corporation
  • 1 Penni 1864-1876, KM# 1, Finland, Grand Duchy, Alexander II, Dotted border (KM# 1.1)
  • 1 Penni 1864-1876, KM# 1, Finland, Grand Duchy, Alexander II, Dotted border, large denomination and date (KM# 1.1)
  • 1 Penni 1864-1876, KM# 1, Finland, Grand Duchy, Alexander II, Dentilated border (KM# 1.2)
  • 1 Penni 1864-1876, KM# 1, Finland, Grand Duchy, Alexander II, Dentilated border, small denomination and date (KM# 1.2)
Description

The Grand Duchy of Finland was the predecessor state of modern Finland. It existed between 1809 and 1917 as an autonomous part of the Russian Empire and was ruled by the Russian Emperor as Grand Duke.

Alexander II (1818-1881) was the Emperor of Russia from 1855 until his assassination in 1881. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland. Alexander was the most successful Russian reformer since Peter the Great. His most important achievement was the emancipation of serfs in 1861, for which he became known as Alexander the Liberator. In foreign policy, Alexander sold Alaska to the United States in 1867. Among his greatest domestic challenges was an uprising in Poland in 1863, to which he responded by stripping that land of its separate Constitution and incorporating it directly into Russia.

The design for the coin was drawn by the heraldic artist Alexander Fadejev.

Obverse

Displays the monogram of Alexander II. The Imperial Crown of Russia with two ends of flying ribbon of the Order of St. Andrew is above.

The Imperial Crown of Russia, also known as the Great Imperial Crown, was used by the Emperors of Russia until the monarchy's abolition in 1917. The Great Imperial Crown was first used in a coronation by Catherine II, and was last used at the coronation of Nicholas II. It survived the subsequent revolution and a temporary sojourn in Ireland, and is currently on display in the Moscow Kremlin Armoury State Diamond Fund.

Order of St. Andrew was established in 1698 by Tsar Peter the Great, in honour of Saint Andrew, the first apostle of Jesus and patron saint of Russia.

A
II

Reverse

Value and date.

1 Penni 1864-1871 (KM# 1.1) have a dot after a date.

1
PENNI
1871.

Edge
Characteristics
Material Copper
Weight 1.28 g
Diameter 15 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Alt # KM# 1.1, KM# 1.2
Mint
Mint of Finland

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