• 5 Deutsche Mark 1971, KM# 129, Germany, Federal Republic, 500th Anniversary of Birth of Albrecht Dürer
  • 5 Deutsche Mark 1971, KM# 129, Germany, Federal Republic, 500th Anniversary of Birth of Albrecht Dürer
Description

Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) was a painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance. Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties due to his high-quality woodcut prints. He was in communication with the major Italian artists of his time, including Raphael, Giovanni Bellini and Leonardo da Vinci, and from 1512 he was patronized by Emperor Maximilian I. Dürer is commemorated by both the Lutheran and Episcopal Churches.

Dürer's vast body of work includes engravings, his preferred technique in his later prints, altarpieces, portraits and self-portraits, watercolours and books. The woodcuts, such as the Apocalypse series (1498), are more Gothic than the rest of his work. His well-known engravings include the Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513), Saint Jerome in his Study (1514) and Melencolia I (1514), which has been the subject of extensive analysis and interpretation. His watercolours also mark him as one of the first European landscape artists, while his ambitious woodcuts revolutionized the potential of that medium.

Dürer's introduction of classical motifs into Northern art, through his knowledge of Italian artists and German humanists, has secured his reputation as one of the most important figures of the Northern Renaissance. This is reinforced by his theoretical treatises, which involve principles of mathematics, perspective, and ideal proportions.

Obverse

Depicts Federal Eagle on top, the country name, issue date, facial value and Bavarian Central Mint (D) mark below.

The coat of arms of Germany displays a black eagle with red feet, beak and tongue on a golden field. This is the Bundesadler or "Federal Eagle", formerly the Reichsadler or "Imperial Eagle". It is a re-introduction of the coat of arms of the Weimar Republic (in use 1919–1935) adopted by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1950. The current official design is due to Tobias Schwab (1887–1967) and was introduced in 1928.

Engraver: Fritz Nuss

BUNDESREPUBLIK
DEUTSCHLAND
19 71
5 D
DEUTSCHE
MARK

Reverse

Depicts Albrecht Dürer's monogram that he used from about the year 1497 on top of his name, dates of birth and death.

Engraver: Prof. Fritz Nuß

A
D
ALBRECHT DÜRER
1471
1528

Edge

Dürer's aphorisms in German: "The most noble sense of people is seeing". The quote is from Entwürfe zur Einleitung in das Lehrbuch der Malerei und in die Lehre von menschlicher Proportion (1512).

DER ALLER EDELST SINN DER MENSCHEN IST SEHEN

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.625
Weight 11.2 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness 2.07 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Bavarian Central Mint (D)

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