• 1 Sol 2019, Peru, Endangered Fauna of Peru, Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey
  • 1 Sol 2019, Peru, Endangered Fauna of Peru, Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey
Description

Engraver: Felipe Escalante Chuñoca

Obverse

Depicts the coat of arms of Peru surrounded by the inscription "Central Reserve Bank of Peru", date below.

Peruvian coat of arms consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key flavorant in tonic water), representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, represents the mineral resources of the country. It has a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a ribbon, as well as a Holm oak Civic Crown above it. These represent God, gold, and glory.

BANCO CENTRAL DE RESERVA DEL PERÚ
2019

Reverse

Depicts a yellow-tailed woolly monkey sitting on a tree. A geometric design of vertical lines, the national Mint’s mark (LMA), the scientific name of the yellow-tailed woolly monkey, Oreonax flavicauda, the denomination numerals, the name of the monetary unit and a symbol of the series - Concentric circles with a hummingbird are also featured.

The yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Oreonax flavicauda) is a New World monkey endemic to Peru. It is a rare primate species found only in the Peruvian Andes, in the departments of Amazonas and San Martin, as well as bordering areas of La Libertad, Huánuco, and Loreto.

Oreonax flavicauda is one of the rarest Neotropical primates and is one of Peru's largest endemic mammals. Adult head and body lengths can range from 51.3 to 53.5 cm, with tails even longer than the body, up to 63 cm (25 in). The average weight is 8 kg in adults, but some males reach 11.5 kg.

The species was first described by Alexander von Humboldt in 1812 under the name Simia flavicauda, based on a skin found 10 years earlier, used by a local man as a horse saddle. Humboldt had never seen a live animal of this species nor a preserved specimen, and believed it belonged to the genus Alouatta. For over 100 years, the species was reported on only a few isolated occasions, so was thought to be extinct. In 1926, three specimens were collected in San Martin, which were then brought to the Museum of Natural History. They were believed to be of a new species, but further evidence made it clear that these specimens were of the yellow-tailed woolly monkey. In 1974, a group of scientists, led by Russell Mittermeier, and funded by World Wide Fund for Nature, found a young yellow-tailed woolly monkey which was kept as a pet in the city of Pedro Ruiz Gallo, Amazonas.

MONO CHORO
COLA AMARILLA
Oreonax flavicauda
LMA
1 SOL

Edge

1 Sol

Endangered Fauna of Peru
Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey

Subscribe series
KM#
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel Silver
Weight 7.32 g
Diameter 25.5 mm
Thickness 3.05 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Lima Mint

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