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Universal suffrage consists of the extension of the right to vote to all citizens, though some definitions exclude granting that right to minors and non-citizens. Although suffrage has two necessary components, the right to vote and opportunities to vote, the term universal suffrage is associated only with the right to vote and ignores the frequency that an incumbent government consults the electorate. Where universal suffrage exists, the right to vote is not restricted by race, sex, belief, wealth, or social status.
Historically universal suffrage initially referred to adult male suffrage. The First French Republic was the first nation that adopted universal male suffrage in 1792; it was the first national system that abolished all property requirements as a prerequisite for allowing men to register and vote. Austria recognized universal male suffrage in 1907.
The design is based on an historic photo of the opening session of Parliament after the 1907 elections. It shows the government bench at the front of the chamber with two officials at the desks above. Opposite stand some of the newly elected members of the House. The two oval portraits in the foreground commemorate the Emperor Franz Joseph and Max Wladimir von Beck, who were chiefly responsible for putting the reform through. Along the rim inscription in German '100 Years of Suffrage Reform'.
100 JAHRE WAHLRECHTSREFORM
Depicts the coats of arms of Austria's nine provinces encircling the number "5". The nine sides of the coin symbolize those nine provinces.