• 5 Deutsche Mark 1969, KM# 126, Germany, Federal Republic, 375th Anniversary of Death of Gerardus Mercator
  • 5 Deutsche Mark 1969, KM# 126, Germany, Federal Republic, 375th Anniversary of Death of Gerardus Mercator
Description

Gerardus Mercator (1512–1594) was a 16th-century geographer, cosmographer and cartographer from Flanders. He is most renowned for creating the 1569 world map based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing (rhumb lines) as straight lines—an innovation that is still employed in nautical charts. Mercator was one of the pioneers of cartography and is widely considered the most notable figure of the school in its golden age (approximately 1570s–1670s).

Mercator wrote on geography, philosophy, chronology and theology. All of the wall maps were engraved with copious text on the region concerned. As an example the famous world map of 1569 is inscribed with over five thousand words in fifteen legends. The 1595 Atlas has about 120 pages of maps and illustrated title pages but a greater number of pages are devoted to his account of the creation of the universe and descriptions of all the countries portrayed. His table of chronology ran to some 400 pages fixing the dates (from the time of creation) of earthly dynasties, major political and military events, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and eclipses. He also wrote on the gospels and the old testament.

Engraver: Doris Waschk-Balz

Obverse

Depicts Federal Eagle in the centre, surrounded by the country name, facial value and issue date. Mintmark fo Stuttgart State Mint (F) inside 5.

The coat of arms of Germany displays a black eagle with red feet, beak and tongue on a golden field. This is the Bundesadler or "Federal Eagle", formerly the Reichsadler or "Imperial Eagle". It is a re-introduction of the coat of arms of the Weimar Republic (in use 1919–1935) adopted by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1950. The current official design is due to Tobias Schwab (1887–1967) and was introduced in 1928.

·BUNDESREPUBLIK·DEUTSCHLAND·
19 69
5F
DEUTSCHE MARK
1969

Reverse

Portrait of Gerardus Mercator right, map as a background, dates of his births and death with his name below.

1512 - 1594 · GERHARD · MERCATOR ·

Edge

The Mercator world map of 1569 is titled Nova et Aucta Orbis Terrae Descriptio ad Usum Navigantium Emendate Accommodata (Renaissance Latin for "New and more complete representation of the terrestrial globe properly adapted for use in navigation").

TERRAE DESCRIPTIO AD USUM NAVIGANTIUM

5 Deutsche Mark

375th Anniversary of Death of Gerardus Mercator

KM# 126 Schön# 123 Jaeger# 400
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.625
Weight 11.2 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness 2.07 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Alt # KM# 126.1, KM# 126.2, KM# 126.3, KM# 126.4
Mint
Stuttgart State Mint (F)

Related coins

Silver, 11.2 g, ⌀ 29 mm
150th Anniversary of Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen

Silver, 11.2 g, ⌀ 29 mm
150th Anniversary of Birth of Max Joseph von Pettenkofer

Silver, 11.2 g, ⌀ 29 mm