• 5 Deutsche Mark 1973, KM# 137, Germany, Federal Republic, 125th Anniversary of the Frankfurt Parliament
  • 5 Deutsche Mark 1973, KM# 137, Germany, Federal Republic, 125th Anniversary of the Frankfurt Parliament
Description

The Frankfurt Parliament (German: Frankfurter Nationalversammlung, literally Frankfurt National Assembly) was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848.

The session was held from 18 May 1848 to 31 May 1849, in the Paulskirche at Frankfurt am Main. Its existence was both part of and the result of the "March Revolution" within the states of the German Confederation.

After long and controversial debates, the assembly produced the so-called Frankfurt Constitution (Paulskirchenverfassung or St. Paul's Church Constitution, actually Verfassung des Deutschen Reiches) which proclaimed a German Empire based on the principles of parliamentary democracy. This constitution fulfilled the main demands of the liberal and nationalist movements of the Vormärz and provided a foundation of basic rights, both of which stood in opposition to Metternich's system of Restoration. The parliament also proposed a constitutional monarchy headed by a hereditary emperor (Kaiser).

The Prussian king Frederick William IV refused to accept the office of emperor when it was offered to him on the grounds that such a constitution and such an offer were an abridgement of the rights of the princes of the individual German states. In the 20th century, however, major elements of the Frankfurt constitution became models for the Weimar Constitution of 1919 and the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany of 1949.

Engravers: Claus and Ursula Homfeld

Obverse

Depicts Federal Eagle in the centre, surrounded by the country name, facial value divides issue date. Karlsruhe State Mint's mark (G) near the "5".

The coat of arms of Germany displays a black eagle with red feet, beak and tongue on a golden field. This is the Bundesadler or "Federal Eagle", formerly the Reichsadler or "Imperial Eagle". It is a re-introduction of the coat of arms of the Weimar Republic (in use 1919–1935) adopted by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1950. The current official design is due to Tobias Schwab (1887–1967) and was introduced in 1928.

BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND
19 73
5 G
DEUTSCHE MARK

Reverse

Depicts the stylised model of the 1848 Frankfurt Parliament (interior) with date in the centre and surrounded by the inscription.

St Paul's Church (German: Paulskirche) is a Protestant church in Paulsplatz, Frankfurt am Main with important political symbolism in Germany. It is notable for being the seat of the 1848 Frankfurt Parliament, the first publicly and freely-elected German legislative body.

In 1963, US President John F. Kennedy gave a major speech in the Paulskirche during his visit to the country. Today St. Paul's is no longer used as a church, instead, it became a venue used for various displays and events. The most well-known is the annual awarding of the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade during the Frankfurt Book Fair.

FRANKFURTER NATIONALVERSAMMLUNG
1848

Edge

The "Deutschlandlied" (English: "Song of Germany") has been the national anthem of Germany since 1922. Since World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany, only the third stanza has been used as the national anthem. The stanza's beginning, "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" ("Unity and Justice and Freedom") is considered the unofficial national motto of Germany, and is inscribed on modern German Army belt buckles and the rims of some German coins.

EINIGKEIT RECHT FREIHEIT

5 Deutsche Mark

125th Anniversary of the Frankfurt Parliament

KM# 137 Schön# 136 Jaeger# 412
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.625
Weight 11.2 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness 2.07 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Karlsruhe State Mint (G)

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