Florence is a city in Central Italy and the capital city of the Tuscany region. Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era. It is considered by many academics to have been the birthplace of the Renaissance, becoming a major artistic, cultural, commercial, political, economic and financial center. From 1865 to 1871 the city served as the capital of the Kingdom of Italy (established in 1861). The Florentine dialect forms the base of Standard Italian and it became the language of culture throughout Italy due to the prestige of the masterpieces by Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Niccolò Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini.

Artist: Annalisa Masini


Depicts the dome of Florence Cathedral. In the background, the clover-shaped layout of the chancel. Above, the arch-shaped inscription “REPUBBLICA”, between two fleurs-de-lys; in exergue, the inscription “ITALIANA” and, between two fleurs-de-lys, the name of the designer “A. MASINI”.

Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, is the cathedral of Florence. It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to a design of Arnolfo di Cambio and was structurally completed by 1436, with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink, bordered by white, and has an elaborate 19th-century Gothic Revival façade by Emilio De Fabris.

The cathedral complex, in Piazza del Duomo, includes the Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile. The basilica is one of Italy's largest churches, and until the development of new structural materials in the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.



The shape of an octagon, an element recreated in the drum of the dome by the architect Filippo Brunelleschi, forms the border for the detail of the “Dancing Putti” from the cantoria by Luca della Robbia (Museo dell’Opera del Duomo in Florence). Above, the arch-shaped inscription “Italy of Arts”; on the left, the letter “R” identifying the Mint of Rome, and “2019”, the year of the coin’s issue; on the right, “Florence” and a fleur-de-lys, symbol of the Tuscan capital; below, the value “5 EURO”.

The authorities ordered an organ loft, called a "cantoria" from Luca della Robbia in 1431. He worked for eight years on the project and translated into three-dimensional images the 150th Psalm of David (Laudate Dominum) whose verses are transcribed in Roman lettering on the three fascias of the pulpit. He set ten bas-reliefs in two superimposed rows, depicting young men, young girls and putti. Sometimes standing out from and sometimes closely adhering to the background, the figures are singing in harmony, playing instruments, and dancing.

This is the first documented work by Luca. Originally above the door to the North Sacristy, opposite to the cantoria by Donatello above the South Sacristy, it was dismantled (together with Donatello's) in 1688 and replaced by Baroque pulpit realised for the wedding of Ferdinando de' Medici to Violante Beatrice of Bavaria.

A putto (plural putti) is a figure in a work of art depicted as a chubby male child, usually naked and sometimes winged. Originally limited to profane passions in symbolism, the putto came to represent the sacred cherub (plural cherubim), and in Baroque art the putto came to represent the omnipresence of God. A putto representing a cupid is also called an amorino (plural amorini) or amoretto (plural amoretti).



5 Euro

Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.925
Weight 18 g
Diameter 32 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (IPZS)

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Italy of Arts

Silver, 18 g, ⌀ 32 mm

Italy of Arts

Silver, 18 g, ⌀ 32 mm

Italy of Arts

Silver, 18 g, ⌀ 32 mm