East Germany, formally the German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), was an Eastern Bloc state during the Cold War period. From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany that was occupied by Soviet forces at the end of World War II. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin, but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR. The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet Zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones. East Germany, which lies culturally in Central Germany, was a satellite state of the Soviet Union. The GDR was dissolved and Germany was unified on 3 October 1990, becoming a fully sovereign state again.


Depicts a national emblem of the German Democratic Republic (DDR), surrounded by the country name (above), denomination and date (below).

The national emblem of the German Democratic Republic featured a hammer and a compass (drawing tool), surrounded by a ring of rye. The hammer represented the workers in the factories. The compass represented the intelligentsia, and the ring of rye the farmers.

1979 5 MARK


Head of Albert Einstein 3/4 right.

Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "services to theoretical physics", in particular his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.

Design: Wilfried Fitzenreiter and Heinz Rodewald

1879 - 1955


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5 Mark

100th Anniversary of Birth of Albert Einstein

KM# 72
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Copper Nickel Zinc
Weight 12.2 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Berlin State Mint (A)

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