• 2 Euro 2020, Italy, 150th Anniversary of Birth of Maria Montessori
  • 2 Euro 2020, Italy, 150th Anniversary of Birth of Maria Montessori
Description

Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori (1870–1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. At an early age, Montessori broke gender barriers and expectations when she enrolled in classes at an all-boys technical school, with hopes of becoming an engineer. She soon had a change of heart and began medical school at the Sapienza University of Rome, where she graduated – with honors – in 1896. Her educational method is still in use today in many public and private schools throughout the world. Montessori education method based on the belief in the child's creative potential and his right to be treated as an individual.

Maria Montessori and Montessori schools were featured on coins and banknotes of Italy, and on stamps of the Netherlands, India, Italy, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Obverse

Depicts a portrait of Maria Montessori, on the right three pedagogical teaching tools (puzzle boards in the form of a divided circle and triangle, as well as a cube with magnetic balls). The acronym of the engraver LSD and RI monogram of the Italian Republic on the right. In the left bottom corner the mint mark R. The year of Maria Montessori's birth above and the year of issue down. Around the outer ring the 12 stars of the European Union.

Engraver: Luciana de Simoni

1870
RI
MARIA
R
MONTESSORI
2020
LSD

Reverse

A geographical map of Western Europe spans the outer ring and inner core on the right side of the coin. The inscription 2 EURO is superimposed over the map of Europe, with the numeral “2” located in an open field representing the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

12 stars are located on the right side of the outer ring, with six stars atop the map of Europe and six stars below it; six vertical stripes cut across the inner core of the coin, visually connecting the upper and lower star segments.

Luc Luycx, a designer at the Royal Belgian Mint, designed the Euro’s common reverse; his initials, LL, are seen on the right side of the design, just under the “O” in “EURO.”

2 EURO
LL

Edge

The sequence "2 ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted.

2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★

2 Euro

150th Anniversary of Birth of Maria Montessori

KM#
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Cupronickel
Center Nickel Brass
Weight 8.5 g
Diameter 25.75 mm
Thickness 2.2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (R)

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