• 10 Rubles 2020, Russia, Federation, Ancient Towns of Russia, Kozelsk
  • 10 Rubles 2020, Russia, Federation, Ancient Towns of Russia, Kozelsk
Description

In 2002 the Central Bank of the Russian Federation began an annual program that each year commemorates some of their historical towns on bi-metallic 10 Ruble coins. The coins picture the city and its arms on one side and has the standard Russian 10 Ruble obverse on the other. Unlike a lot of coin programs throughout the world there is no set regularity to the number of coins released each year in this series, with some years seeing 4 coins issued and other years only 3.

Kozelsk is a town in the Kaluga Region of the Russian Federation. This town was first mentioned in Russian chronicles back in 1146. Founded at the place of an ancient settlement of Vyatichi Slavs, Kozelsk was originally part of the Chernigov Principality. Then, as a result of the internal strife between principalities, the town became part of the Principality of Novgorod-Seversk as a sub-principality.

Kozelsk is famous for the legendary seven-week defence against Batu Khan’s army in 1238. All residents died, the town was destroyed, while Batu Khan infuriated by Kozelsk’s fortitude dubbed it an ‘evil town’.

Later on, Kozelsk became part of the Karachev Principality. In the second half of the 14th century, the town was under the rule of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1494, Kozelsk became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

From 8 October through 28 December 1941, Kozelsk was occupied by Nazi aggressors. On 5 December 2009, Kozelsk was awarded the honorary title ‘City of Military Glory’ for the courage, fortitude and valour of people who defended Kozelsk.

Date of issue: 20.07.2020

Obverse

In the center of the disc indication of the denomination of the coin: 10 RUBLES, inside of the figure 0 hidden pictures of the number 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision, in the lower part of the disc the mint trade mark MMD, on the ring along the rim above the inscription: BANK OF RUSSIA, below the year of issue 2018, to the left and to the right stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.

БАНК РОССИИ
10
РУБЛЕЙ
ММД
2020

Reverse

Architectural panorama of the town (including St. Nicholas Church), above the coat of arms of Kozelsk, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: ANCIENT TOWNS OF RUSSIA, below the inscription along the rim KOZELSK.

In 1776, during the reign of Catherine the Great, Kozelsk was granted a coat of arms comprised of a red background (the colour of spilt blood) with four gold crosses (fidelity) and five silver shields with black crosses symbolizing sacrifice in defence of the country. This coat of arms gave eloquent testimony to the reputation of Kozelsk for bravery and endurance.

Engraver: A. V. Gnidin
Sculptor: A. N. Bessonov

ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ
КОЗЕЛЬСК

Edge

300 corrugations and the inscription ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ (TEN RUBLES) recurring twice and divided by asterisks.

ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆ ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Brass
Center Cupronickel
Weight 8.4 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2.1 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Moscow Mint (MMD)

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