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In commemoration of the bicentenary of Peru's independence from Spain, the Peruvian Central Reserve Bank (BCRP) issued the numismatic series “La Mujer en el proceso de la Independencia” (The Woman in the Process of Independence). With this coin series, the patriotic women who fought in many ways and even gave their lives for achieving Peru’s independence are honored and remembered with one of the most used coins in the country.
The Peruvian War of Independence was composed of a series of military conflicts in Peru beginning with viceroy Abascal military reconquest in 1811 in the battle of Guaqui, continuing with the definitive defeat of the Spanish Army in 1824 in the battle of Ayacucho, and culminating in 1826 with the Siege of Callao. The wars of independence took place with the background of the 1780–1781 uprising by indigenous leader Túpac Amaru II and the earlier removal of Upper Peru and the Río de la Plata regions from the Viceroyalty of Peru. Because of this the viceroy often had the support of the "Lima Oligarchy", who saw their elite interests threatened by popular rebellion and were opposed to the new commercial class in Buenos Aires. During the first decade of the 1800s Peru had been a stronghold for royalists, who fought those in favor of independence in Peru, Bolivia, Quito and Chile. Among the most important events during the war was the proclamation of independence of Peru by José de San Martín on 28 July 1821.
Engraver: Eduardo Paredes Medina
Designer: Felipe Escalante Chuñocca
Depicts the coat of arms of Peru surrounded by the inscription "Central Reserve Bank of Peru", date below.
BANCO CENTRAL DE RESERVA DEL PERÚ
Depicts a portrait of the Toledo heroines, value below. On the left side the inscription "Bicentennial 1821-2021", her name above. The symbol LMA on the right represents the mark of the National Mint on a background of vertical lines.